Session Handling

Flow has excellent support for working with sessions.

This chapter will explain:

  • ... how to store specific data in a session
  • ... how to store objects in the session

Scope Session

Flow does not only support the prototype and singleton object scopes, but also the object scope session. Objects marked like this basically behave like singleton objects which are automatically serialized into the user’s session.

As an example, when building a shopping basket, the class could look as follows:

 * @Flow\Scope("session")
class ShoppingBasket {

         * @var array
        protected $items = array();

         * @param string $item
         * @return void
         * @Flow\Session(autoStart = TRUE)
        public function addItem($item) {
                $this->items[] = $item;

         * @return array
        public function getItems() {
                return $this->items;

In the above example

  • the object scope is set to session, so it behaves like a user-bound cross-request singleton. This ShoppingBasket can now be injected where it is needed using Dependency Injection.
  • We only want to start a session when the first element is added to the shopping basket. For this the addItem() method needs to be annotated with @Flow\Session(autoStart = TRUE).

When a user browses the website, the following then happens:

  • First, the user’s shopping basket is empty, and getItems() returns an empty array. No session exists yet. For each page being requested, the ShoppingBasket is newly initialized.
  • As soon as the user adds something to the shopping basket, addItem() is called. Because this is annotated with @Flow\Session(autoStart = TRUE), a new PHP session is started, and the ShoppingBasket is placed into the session.
  • As the user continues to browse the website, the ShoppingBasket is being fetched from the user’s session (which exists now). Thus, getItems() returns the items from the session.

Why is @Flow\Session(autoStart = TRUE) necessary?

If Flow did not have this annotation, there would be no way for it to determine when a session must be started. Thus, every user browsing the website would always need a session as soon as an object of scope session is accessed. This would happens if the session-scoped object is still in its initial state.

To be able to use proxies such as Varnish, Flow defers the creation of a session to a point in time when it is really needed – and the developer needs to tell the framework when that point is reached using the above annotation.

The Flow session scope handles persistent objects and dependency injection correctly:

  • Objects which are injected via Dependency Injection are removed before serialization and re-injected on deserialization.
  • Persistent objects which are unchanged are just stored as a reference and fetched from persistence again on deserialization.
  • Persistent objects which are modified are fully stored in the session.

Low-level session handling

It is possible to inject the Neos\Flow\Session\SessionInterface and interact with the session on a low level, by using start(), getData() and putData().

That should rarely be needed, though. Instead of manually serializing objects object into the session, the session scope should be used whenever possible.

Session Backends

The session implementation of Flow is written in pure PHP and uses the caching framework as its storage. This allows for storing session data in a variety of backends, including PDO databases, APC and Redis.

The preferred storage backend for the built-in session is defined through a custom Caches.yaml file, placed in a package or the global configuration directory:

  backend: Neos\Cache\Backend\ApcBackend

The built-in session implementation provides a few more configuration options, related to the session cookie and the automatic garbage collection. Please refer to the Settings.yaml file of the Flow package for a list of all possible options and their respective documentation.